How has the City reduced the deer population?

In the winters of 2021, 2022 and 2023, the City entered into a Cooperative Services Agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Wildlife Services to conduct professional deer removal operations in East Lansing's parks. USDA Wildlife Services biologists who are highly trained in the use of firearms removed a total of 193 deer over the three winters from a variety of City parks during intermittent weekday evening/night closures. Parks were closed during the operations and the firearms used had noise suppression, however, residents near those parks were advised beforehand of the possibility of hearing gunshots. 

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1. Why is the City of East Lansing (City) reducing the deer population?
2. How has the City reduced the deer population?
3. What happens with the venison from the removal?
4. What is done to ensure safety?
5. I didn’t think that hunting with a firearm was allowed within 450 feet of a residence without written permission of the owner. How is the City able to perform this deer removal?
6. Are there other communities in Michigan that have removed deer by firearms?
7. Will deer removal be an annual activity in East Lansing's parks?
8. How many deer have been removed each year?